Choosing a Plugin Model¶
To be as flexible as possible while using real network stacks, PATHspider has 4 models for plugins. The following flowchart can help you to decide which model best suits your use case:
This is the original model, where connection logic is built-in to PATHspider and the plugin provides functions for altering the system-wide configuration. Originally developed for testing with explicit congestion notification, this model can be used wherever iptables rules, sysctl flags or other system-wide configuration changes can be used to enable or disable a particular feature of a network protocol.
This model was developed for TCP fast open where synchronization was not required. In this case, socket options are used to control whether or not the feature is used and so the global synchronization only serves to slow down measurements. The connection helper you are using must support the feature which means for most helpers that it must be supported by both libcurl and pycurl.
This model was developed for TCP Maximum Segment Size discovery. In this case, only a single connection is required with no global configuration or customisation of the connection. All work is done by the Observer or using the output of the connection helpers.
This model was developed for evil bit testing where there was no support in the native stack. It uses Scapy to forge packets and so is the most flexible, but care must be taken to ensure that the baseline test is truly representative of existing traffic on the Internet. As an example, some firewall drop TCP packets that do not use timestamps as a “defense” against forged packets.